Henry VIII, king of England from 1509 to 1547, is well known for numerous factors. But not every person is aware he was a terrific collector. For one factor, he collected wives. He married six different females in an age wherever divorce was in essence forbidden and wives didn’t cooperate by dropping dead on their personal really frequently. The king also gathered properties. He laid assert to quite a few great households and palaces, such as Westminster, Berkhamsted, Fotheringhay, Warwick, Kenilworth, and some of his favorites: Greenwich, Whitehall, and Hampton Courtroom. He even had Royal Residences in the Tower of London. Just one of King Henry’s most significant collections was tapestries. He ultimately gathered far more than 2,000 of these woven images to spruce up Hampton Court Palace and his other royal residences.
But why would the King shell out a large amount of dollars and vitality to accumulate woven photos to beautify his walls? What was powering these costly wall hangings?
Tapestry building was enormous sector in northern France and southern Netherlands throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Tapestry is a variety of textile artwork made by skilled craftsmen. The parts had been woven by hand on a weaving-loom. Weaving a tapestry required that just about every thread be meticulously put on the loom by hand. This painstaking system allowed staff to build sophisticated designs that provided intricate options for persons, animals, and crops. Usually the chain threads were made out of linen or Picardy wool. The placing threads had been produced of Italian silk or gold and silver threads imported from Cyprus. Textile personnel and guilds flourished in Belgium and France, advert tapestries established there have been exported all about Europe.
Tapestries have been at times woven in sets. A set of tapestries usually explained to a biblical or legendary story by way of a series of pictures. This artwork in woven tapestry was supposed to produce illusions of what truth must be-a additional mental, more scientific, extra grand earth. This entire world could stick to the owner anywhere he went, as tapestries ended up portable and could be transported from a single residence to a further.
Rich and highly effective gentlemen collected tapestries for the reason that they could actually impress visitors. Ahead of he had to give Hampton Court docket to King Henry, Cardinal Wolsey despatched London service provider Richard Gresham to Brussels with 1,000 marks to obtain the very best tapestries he could locate. The Venetian ambassador advised this story of his visit to Wolsey: “Just one has to traverse 8 rooms right before 1 reaches his viewers chamber, and they are all hung with tapestry, which is improved as soon as a week” (1).
In September 1528, King Henry grew to become displeased with Wolsey’s work and took more than Hampton Court Palace. King Henry embarked on an enormous rebuilding job, building new kitchens, a Council Chamber, and a series of personal rooms for himself. In addition, Henry rebuilt the Great Corridor, which highlighted wonderful partitions for displaying tapestries. To enhance Hampton Courtroom and other royal residences, Henry collected tapestries to talk his prosperity and ability. The tapestries adorned these kinds of essential community rooms as the Great Corridor and the Great Viewing Chamber.
One of the most well-known collection in Henry’s collection is the Historical past of Abraham sequence, which he commissioned specially for Hampton Courtroom. This series was woven in Brussels about 1540 by Wilhelm Pannemaker to the types of Bernard van Orley. The Background of Abraham tapestries include ten individual items, each of which is roughly sixteen feet substantial and twenty-6 toes large. These tapestries are of awesome top quality, featuring highly experienced weaving and a substantial metal thread depend, with a lot of gold and silver threads. In point, the quantity of gold helps make them 1 of the most opulent solutions of the Brussels industry.
Because of the sum of gold and silver and the substantial good quality of the workmanship, each and every tapestry is approximated to have value Henry as substantially money as a thoroughly fitted and staffed battleship. This usually means the whole established cost as considerably as a fleet of battleships. The Abraham tapestries are a good case in point of King Henry’s most important reason in gathering tapestries: demonstrating his wide wealth to readers from all around the earth. King Henry believed these tapestries would make a constructive perception and persuade all who came to Hampton Courtroom and other palaces of his kingship.
King Henry was suitable about the Abraham tapestries remaining a symbol of prosperity and electricity. Their influence lasted significantly longer than Henry did. About 100 years immediately after Henry’s dying, all through the English Revolution, revolutionaries seized manage of the nation and executed King Charles I, and Oliver Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector. Considerably of the royal home was marketed to the optimum bidder. But the Abraham tapestries were being worth so substantially revenue, he was unable to sell them. They remained in the possession of Oliver Cromwell at Hampton Courtroom. Like the relaxation of his belongings, they returned to ownership of the crown when the monarchy was restored. These tapestries have been chosen to adorn the partitions of Westminster Abbey at the coronation of King James II in 1685.
The choice of the Abraham tapestries, commissioned by Henry VIII in 1540, to rejoice the restoration of the monarchy a lot more than 100 many years later on demonstrates their significance as a symbol of royalty and electricity. While Henry VIII could not have understood their complete historic importance, he did realize the influence of tapestries on his notion as king. Hampton Courtroom Palace was a beloved home of King Henry. He manufactured it a good symbol of his royalty and the toughness of the Tudor dynasty. The impressive tapestries that adorned the palace walls during his reign were being a fitting symbol of the prosperity, knowledge, and royalty of King Henry VIII. For him, tapestries were being a lot much more than decorations or insulation. They have been pretty much the embodiment of his royal picture.
1. Hedley, O. (1971) Hampton Courtroom Palace. London: Pitkin Pictorials.