Ghana, like quite a few nations around the world in the modern-day world, has an unemployment trouble, and the scenario is particularly intense in relation to offering work opportunities for rising numbers of university leavers. In modern modern society a task implies employment for seven or 8 several hours a working day, five times a 7 days, a doing the job week becoming 35 to 40 hours. Several people dislike perform, or at the very least they dislike the careers they are compelled by economic necessity to undertake. Wouldn’t most individuals be happier if the several hours were shorter and the obtainable perform was shared a lot more equitably?
In his e book ‘The Affluent Society’ released in 1958, the famed American economist, John Kenneth Galbraith, noticed that according to anthropologists, when mankind lived by searching and accumulating, the operate required to sustain everyday living amounted to about four hours a day. Many far more hours desired to be worked soon after the invention of agriculture and it was no question all through the ensuing prolonged millennia that the notion of everyday living dominated by perform turned widely acknowledged. However, Galbraith advised that with modern day labour-conserving machines it was probably that the obtainable work, shared out between the equipped-bodied willing staff, would once again be diminished to about four hrs a day.
In Ghana, in the previous a long time of the twentieth century, there was a great deal evidence to suggest that whilst several hours at do the job were being extensive, the genuine perform activity loaded only a fraction of the time. In Suame Journal in Kumasi, which offers apprenticeships and employment for countless numbers of youth, do the job nominally prolonged during most of the hours of daylight, six times a week. However it was observed that much time was put in idly waiting for a consumer to convey a task, and when a process was taken in hand there would be a single person functioning and 4 guys viewing. Function carried out in this enjoyable and calm social environment comes near to Galbraith’s eyesight of the 4 hour working day, other than that the employee is tied to the office throughout the leisure hrs.
In just the span of recorded history, and practically in just dwelling memory, many Ashantis chose to generate their dwelling as hunters. A single of their main looking grounds was in the south of what is now Brong-Ahafo Region ahafo that means hunters in the Twi language. If Galbraith’s anthropologists ended up proper, these hunters attained their livelihood functioning about 4 several hours a day, even if they spent for a longer time hrs wandering in social intercourse with their companions. According to Galbraith’s concept, it could possibly appear to be that their descendents doing work in the informal workshops of Suame Journal experienced bypassed the agricultural and industrial revolutions in just a several generations, whilst the craftsmen by themselves would claim to have merely preserved their conventional way of working.
Potentially, element of the response to giving operate for all lies in preserving and extending the common social organisation of work. Permit all people who is inclined and capable, sign up for the group and share the get the job done as it comes to hand. The issue of an equitable sharing of the proceeds is a different issue to which even Galbraith could give no final response, even though he produced some useful strategies and warned of the dire consequences if no answer was identified.