Lake Nakuru is located on the floor of the Wonderful Rift Valley a few kilometers from Nakuru town. Nakuru is a Masai phrase which means dust. The park was started in 1961 and contains the lake and the bordering savannah land. It addresses an spot of about 90 miles. It is bordered by the Menengai Crater to the North, Emburu crater to the south, Mau escarpment to the west, Lion hill ranges to the north and Bahati hills to the north-east. There are a few rivers draining into the lake particularly Njoro, Enderit and Makalia.
Lake Nakuru countrywide park is a person of Kenya prime tourist attraction web-site. The lake is renowned for seeing around a million pink flamingo birds which nest alongside the shores. The shallow alkaline h2o lake and abundant algae is a very good source of meals for the birds. In accordance to scientific results, the substantial flock of flamingo birds in lake Nakuru take in about 250,000 kilos of algae for every yr.There are two forms of flamingo birds in the lake the lesser flamingo which are the major in variety and the higher flamingo. The lesser flamingo fowl have deep purple carmine bill and pink plumage. The bigger flamingo has a bill with a black tip.
The Lake lies at an altitude of 1758 meters previously mentioned sea amount and, it comprises of about 27 percent of the park. Other birds usually noticed in the lake consist of the pelicans, cormorants, ducks, Avocets and the stilts. The introduction of Tilapia Grahami in 1960 has flourished over the years. This variety of fish was launched mainly because it can withstand the salty h2o and at the very same time regulate the mosquitoes. The fish is also a excellent supply of foodstuff to the fish-eating birds.
The park vegetation ranges from acacia woodland, tall cactus trees, Euphorbia forest and savannah grassland. The forest and the lake is residence to about 400 migratory hen species. Today, Lake Nakuru countrywide park is fenced predominantly to shield the rhino populace from poaching. In truth, this park has the optimum concentration of black and white rhinos in Kenya and, prospects of spotting this endangered animals is large.
A part from the rhinos, this park is habitat to the Rothschild giraffe which have been relocated from Nairobi giraffe middle. The plentiful yellow-bark acacia tress supply sufficient foods for the Rothschild giraffe jointly with the Masai giraffe. Other wildlife observed in the park involve the buffalo, leopard, warthog, zebra, gazelle and a big herd of water buck. There are also many hippos and craw-significantly less otters in the lake. There are lots of python snakes particularly in the dense woodlands inside the park. This park is also a property to the most significant Euphorbia forest in Kenya.
Lake Nakuru has faced problems above the past. Urbanization, improved agricultural encroachment, drought and pollution have diminished the flamingo populace. Drainage from the neighboring factories have decreased the alkaline concentration, lessening algae which is the key food items for the flamingo birds.
You can go to the park any time of the calendar year and have outstanding fowl and activity viewing. Lake Nakuru nationwide park is 157 kilometers from Nairobi and 4 kilometers from Nakuru city.